Episode 6: Urbanization: Who's Afraid of the Big Bad City?
You claim that birthrates are lower in urban areas than they are in the country. Who says so?
Many studies show that birthrates are lower in urban areas than in rural areas.
This document from the UN shows the urban vs. rural birthrates for a lot of countries (See table 11).
Another study from the DHS (Demographic and Health Surveys) website. They did an extensive fertility study in Malawi in 2000.
This study shows a drastic difference between rural and urban dwelling women. The Total Fertility Rates for rural vs. urban being 6.7 and 4.3 respectively.
The promise of better jobs, prestigious schools, modern healthcare, and high culture calls people to leave the countryside and move to the city.
The urban population is on the rise. (see graph here)
Since 2008, more than half the world’s population has become urbanized. There is a clear rural to urban draw going on globally. Given the connection between population numbers and human improvement (see question 1 above), it makes sense that the urban population percentage is growing. There are more opportunities in the city than in the countryside.